Number of Images on this Page = 43


South Australian Railways

When I was a lad ( I served a term ) in the late 50s, I used to catch a local Bridgewater passenger (usually an Rx, but occasionally a 620) up to Mount Lofty, and spend many happy hours dodging around the railway station with my little black and white camera, snapping 500s, 520s, 700s, 710s, 720s (never saw a 600 though). Alas, Alak, all those photos disappeared in some major cleanout. (I suspected my mother, but she says she never threw any photos out!) I console myself with the fact that the viewfinder on that little camera was not much chop, or rather, was too much chop, and frequently what I thought I was taking was never quite what appeared on the emulsion. Still, would have been nice to see them now. (:-(

What is in this section are a few photos of preserved steam, and the occasional diesel, taken through the 70s and 80s.

F Class 4-6-2 Tank

The F class were the mainstay of the Adelaide suburban steam services from 1902 until the mid 50s. They were affectionally known as `Dollys', and could accelerate their short passenger trains away from stations sufficiently quickly that they remained in service until displaced by diesel rail cars.

entered service:   1902               last condemmed:   1969
cylinders:         2:17.5x24 in       boiler pressure:  185 psi
tractive effort:   18335 lbs          weight:           59 tons 0 cwt
water:             1200 gals          coal:             2.25 tons

F255

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 124815 bytes, 746x495 pixels
  • Date : 1973, catalogued
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/021
  • Description : F255 at the Mile End Railway Museum.


P Class 2-4-0T

These diminutive locos were used on Adelaide suburban services, particularly the Glenelg line. They were displaced by the F class, but remained in service until the mid 50s, generally serving out their days as shunters.

entered service:   1884               last condemmed:   1956
cylinders:         2:16x20 in         boiler pressure:  145 psi
tractive effort:   10517 lbs          weight:           33 tons 14 cwt
water:             600 gals           coal:             30 cwt

P117

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 020 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 110591 bytes 712x492 pixels, catalogued
  • Photographer : 1973
  • Medium : PCD-01/020
  • Description : This locomotive was built by James Martin of Gawler, SA


Q Class

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 67089 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : ????, catalogued 22 Oct 2000
  • Photographer : sent by Norm Todd, original photographer unknown
  • Medium : email digital image, image location Qclass-NormTodd
  • Description : This is the only photo I have of a Q class. It was sent in by a reader, Norm Todd, who had no details of where it was taken, etc.. But I thought it was important enough to include here anyway.


Rx 4-6-0 Ten Wheelers

The Rx were a development of the R class, giving them higher pressure boilers and larger tenders, to improve their performance and availability. Their original purpose was as main line locomotives, but such was their success that they became very utilitarian locomotives even after the larger Webb locomotives were introduced in the mid-1920s, and survived until the very end of steam, even outliving some of the Webb classes that displaced them.

The 30 R class were all rebuilt as Rx from 1900 through to 1911, and an additional 54 were constructed originally as Rx, by a range of builders including Dubs, James Martin of Gawler (the original 30 R), SAR's Islington workshops, North British and Walkers of Maryborough, Queensland. Most were scrapped in the late 1960s, but 8 survive in various parks throughout the state, with 2 kept in running order on the Mount Barker-Victor Harbour tourist line.

T class 4-8-0 Mastodon

T181

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 114011 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : ??, catalogued 02 Jan 2001
  • Photographer : Stewart Hughes
  • Medium : email digital image, image location BrokenHill-3
  • Description : I've lost what Stewart had to say about this T class at Broken Hill ...


T251

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 122299 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 23 Apr 1973, catalogued 14 Mar 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 2464
  • Description : T251 lies dormant at the Belmont Common Railway, on the occasion of the 1973 Melbourne Steam Festival.


T253

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 90761 bytes, 700x498 pixels
  • Date : 1973, catalogued 14 Mar 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/018
  • Description : T253 at the Mile End Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 105940 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 1993, catalogued
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium :
  • Description : T253 at the Port Dock Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 101745 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Oct 1979, catalogued 25 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 8100
  • Description : Another view of T253 at the Mile End Railway Museum.


V class 0-4-4

V9 was known as "The Rat" at Peterborough where it was used for shunting the roundhouse. When it was condemned, the Mayor of Naracoorte asked that it be preserved for display in the local park.

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 106750 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Jan 1978, catalogued 22 Apr 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 6860
  • Description : Here is V9 in that Naracoorte Park in early 1978. If you look closely in the cabin, you can see me and my son Nathan, aged 5 months.


Y class 2-6-0

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 105093 bytes, 743x496 pixels
  • Date : 1973, catalogued 22 Apr 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/017
  • Description : Y97 at the Mile End Railway Museum. Cop the size of the dome!


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 105093 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 1993, catalogued 25 Jul 1997
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium :
  • Description : Y97 at the Port Dock Railway Museum. Twenty years on, and the dome is no smaller!


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 135561 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Oct 1979, catalogued 25 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 8098
  • Description : Y97 at the Mile End Railway Museum. Compare with the WAGR G class .


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 101970 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : ??, catalogued 02 Jan 2001
  • Photographer : Stewart Hughes
  • Medium : email digital image, image location BrokenHill-4
  • Description : I've lost what Stewart had to say about this diminutive Y class alongside ex Silverton Tramway's W class.


400 class 4-8-2 + 2-8-4 Beyer Garratt

10 of these locomotives were built by Societe Franco-Belge de Materiel des Chemins-de-fer, under licence from Beyer Peacock, Manchester. They were used on the 3]6" gauge lines of South Australia, notably the Peterborough division, where they hauled zinc concentrate from Broken Hill to the smelters at Port Pirie.

409

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 145557 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 1995, catalogued 1997
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium :
  • Description : 409 in the Port Dock Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 107120 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Oct 1979, catalogued 26 Jan 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : 409 in the Mile End Railway Museum, slide number 8101
  • Description : 409 in the Mile End Railway Museum.


500 class 4-8-4 Mountain

Although this class has a 4-8-4 wheel arrangement, they were always known as "Mountain Types" in South Australia, as they were 4-8-2 when originally built, and the name has stuck. They were all rebuilt as 4-8-4 by the addition of a trailing booster 4-wheel truck. They saw service mainly on heavy freights over the Adelaide Hills, although they were also used on many passenger services, particularly specials such as the Oakbank Picnic Race trains.

504

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 55638 bytes, 486x469 pixels
  • Date : 1972, catalogued
  • Photographer : Barbara Hurst
  • Medium : personal photograph
  • Description : 504 poses in the Mile End Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 120664 bytes, 677x496 pixels
  • Date : 1972, catalogued
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/014
  • Description : 504 poses in the Mile End Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 120664 bytes, 677x496 pixels
  • Date : 1972, catalogued
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium :
  • Description : 504 poses in the Port Dock Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 68233 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 1978, catalogued 23 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 8097
  • Description : 504 at the Mile End Railway Museum


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 97869 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : mid 1950s, catalogued 11 Feb 2005
  • Photographer : Llewelyn Bevan
  • Medium : email digital image, image location 504-6
  • Description : 504 (which now preserved in the National Railway Museum at Port Adelaide) hauling a Tailem Bend bound goods train through the now abandoned Mount Barker Junction station in the mid 1950s. In its heyday, Mount Barker Junction was an important and quite busy station where the then well used Victor Harbour and South Coast line branched off from the main Adelaide-Melbourne line.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 100171 bytes, 679x495 pixels
  • Date : 1972, catalogued 23 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/19
  • Description : 504 and Rx93 lie sleeping in the Mile End Railway Museum.


508

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 193076 bytes, 855x636 pixels
  • Date : 1950s
  • Photographer : Lionel Bates
  • Medium : 500, published by Australian Railway Historical Society (SA Divn)
  • Description : 508 between the Sleeps Hill tunnel and Eden Hills


520 class 4-8-4 Northerns

Like the 500 class, and for the same reason, the 520 class were also known as "Mountain Types". However, these locomotives were much lighter, had wider route availability, and were used more exclusively on passenger workings.

620 class 4-6-2 Light Pacifics

The 620 "Light Pacifics" were built to handle the heavy traffic on light 60lb rail branch lines throughout the state that could not be hauled by the heavy Webb era locomotives, necessitating the use of Rx class which on the other hand could not maintain the schedules. The first engine, 620, appeared in time for the centenary of South Australia's founding in 1936, although it appeared at the Centenary Exhibition slightly unfinished, being mounted on freight wagon bogies!

Their 60lb rail availability meant that they could go anywhere in the state, and their ready turn of speed meant that in spite of their general use on lighter branch lines, they even saw service on the Main South to Tailem Bend, hauling passenger trains. I can remember as a boy travelling on one or two such trains to Mount Lofty, and always thought them a great step up from the usual Rx!

700 class 2-8-2 Mikados

Built by Armstrong Whitworth, in the UK, all 10 of the 700 class entered service during 1926, and the last example was condemmed by the end of 1967. These Mikados formed the basis for subsequent heavy goods locomotives of the SAR.

702

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 92120 bytes, 741x497 pixels
  • Date : 1973, catalogued 23 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : PCD-01/016
  • Description : 702 at the Mile End Railway Museum.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 94184 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : Dec 1993, catalogued 23 Jul 1997
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : personal photograph, taken on print film
  • Description : 702 at the Port Dock Railway Museum. Contrast this view with the previous photo .


750 class 2-8-0

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 96104 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Oct 1979, catalogued 25 Feb 1998
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 8099
  • Description : 752 at the Mile End Railway Museum.


TransAdelaide 3000 series railcars

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 172187 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 30 Dec 1998, catalogued 22 Jan 1999
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 109981230-2
  • Description : A 3000 3-unit railcar descends the Belair line, near Sleeps Hill Tunnel. Note the separate broad and standard gauge lines. The braod gauge terminates at Belair, and is used only for these communter trains, while the standard gauge continues to Melbourne, and is used by interstate passenger and goods trains.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 144552 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 30 Dec 1998, catalogued 22 Jan 1999
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 19981230-4
  • Description : A single 3000 railcar crosses the up Overland, near Sleeps Hill Tunnel.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 145452 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 30 Dec 1998, catalogued 22 Jan 1999
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 19981230-5
  • Description : A single 3000 railcar descends the Belair line, near Sleeps Hill Tunnel. In the distance can be seen the Adelaide sea-side suburbs of Brighton and Seacliff.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 123102 bytes, pixels
  • Date : 30 Dec 1998, catalogued 23 Jan 1999
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Ektachrome, slide number 19981230-8
  • Description : A TransAdelaide 3000 railcar runs Trans(view)Adelaide.


Around the State

  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 96554 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 26 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9158
  • Description : a view of the main Adelaide-Melbourne line near Callington


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 96629 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 26 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9159
  • Description : a view of the main Adelaide-Melbourne line near Callington


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 94062 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 26 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9166
  • Description : a view of the main Adelaide-Melbourne line near Callington


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 56678 bytes, pixels
  • Date : Feb 1982, catalogued 07 Jun 1999
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : Kodachrome, slide number 12108
  • Description : The road bed for the new standard gauge from Crystal Brook joins the Port Pirie line near ??


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 74946 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 25 Apr 2003, catalogued 19 Oct 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_7721
  • Description : A bunch of FreightCorp coal hoppers crossing Emu Creek on a Leigh Creek coalie


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 70532 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : Mar 2004, catalogued 23 Apr 2004
  • Photographer : Stewart Hughes
  • Medium : email digital image, image location 100-0022_IMG
  • Description : Stewart writes, after having seen my recent photos of PRR:
    I have been to Quorn five times and never seen the railway in operation. I was there again in March taking some friends from the UK on the Flinders Ranges trip - my favourite place in the country. Sydney to Broken Hill in one day's drive - a mere 1300kms! I love the Dutch colonial look of Quorn station. We stayed in cabins in the caravan park which is behind the station. Quorn, as you know, has five pubs all in a row opposite the beautiful station. We went for a pub crawl (as you do) and had a terrific time in the newly done up Austral Hotel - highly recommended - the landlord is a hoot! I dragged my friends up to the top of St Mary's Peak (1170m) the highest point in Wilpena Pound, in 39C heat, a 15km round trip. They were not happy chappies but they learned a lot about Australia and loved it in retrospect!! Here is a picture of Mannahill station on the NSW/SA border west of Broken Hill.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 77995 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 28 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9168
  • Description : An up view along the line at Monarto. The branch line to Apamurra (Sedan in broad gauge days) is on the right.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 98608 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 28 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9169
  • Description : A down view along the line at Monarto, taken in the opposite direction to Monarto-1 . The branch line to Apamurra diverges to the left.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 111930 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 28 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9170
  • Description : A down view along the line at Monarto, taken in the opposite direction to Monarto-1 . The branch line to Appamurra diverges to the left.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 114966 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 23 Sep 2003, catalogued 28 Dec 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_9174
  • Description : A down view of the Apamurra branch at Monarto, taken from the old Princes Highway crossing.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 61098 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 25 Apr 2003, catalogued 19 Oct 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_7727
  • Description : The Parachilna station building has seen better days.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 82100 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 25 Apr 2003, catalogued 19 Oct 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_7725
  • Description : Looking South from Parachilna yard, the immediate landscape belies the rugged Flinders Ranges only a few kilometres to the right of this photo.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 92241 bytes, 600x800 pixels
  • Date : 25 Apr 2003, catalogued 19 Oct 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_7726
  • Description : Looking North from Parachilna, the flat landscape belies the fact that the rugged Flinders Ranges are only a few kilometres to the right of this view.


  • Image : dir=sa/ page=index 61098 bytes, 800x600 pixels
  • Date : 25 Apr 2003, catalogued 19 Oct 2003
  • Photographer : John Hurst
  • Medium : digital camera (Canon S40), image location IMG_7727
  • Description : The Parachilna station building has seen better days.


Wolseley - A Change of Gauge Station?

Wolseley is an interesting study in how railways change with time. During the war it was an important depot with a large oil storage facility and loco servicing facility. It was also a change of gauge station with the narrow gauge (3'6") branch line to Mount Gambier.

Post war, the redevelopment of the state and the booming economy of the 1950s saw the branch line converted to broad gauge (5'3") to cope with the increasing timber traffic. In the 1970s (date?), a new station building was provided. However the advent of the long awaited standardisation of the Melbourne-Adelaide line, and declining traffic over the branch, saw the station effectively marginalised and the branch line abandoned, due to the lack of justification to gauge-convert it once more!

Now the station and yard are little more than a grain siding. Passenger trains no longer stop here, the town has wasted away, and what was once a busy (albeit remote) railway junction is now a railway archaelogist's photo paradise.

Ian S. Douglas wrote to me, having unearthed a bit more history about Wolseley, and its role during WWII. He had a reply from Ken Altus, the Chairman of the Tatiara National Trust in Bordertown SA on 16th June 2005, in reply to an enquiring letter. Ken quoted from a "History of the Tatiara", written by Alan Jones:

The RAAF constructed No 12 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot early in WWII. The RAAF established 31 of these fuel storage depots at various inland sites considered secure from attack by sea-borne aircraft. Two others were in South Australia - Port Pirie and Crystal Brook.

Initially two standard 120,000 gallon storage tanks and one 40,000 gallon ethyl mixing tank and a barracks, etc. were erected at Wolseley. These tanks were camouflaged to look like farm buildings. The depot commenced operation in mid 1942 with a personnel establishment of a sergeant, a cook, and three guards. Later, three additional tanks were erected, but these were only dull painted, and not camouflaged.

When in May 1944 the Air Board decided to close down the inland fuel depots, fuel stacks had already been transferred from the South Australian inland depots to coastal installations. On June 14th 1944, the Wolseley Depot was disbanded and the property sold after the war ended.

Another correspondent, Mark Soya, wrote to me with a fascinating glimpse into life as a signalman at Wolseley:

I viewed your photos of the Wolseley Railway yard with both nostalgia and and a touch of sadness.

You see, my father Stan Soya (spelt Soja in those days) was the Wolseley railway station signalman. The Station Master was John Dix who became a family friend. I used to go to the Wolseley primary school with the Dix children.

Dad was stationed there from 1969 - 1971. Although I was only around 6 years of age I have vivid and fond memories of the time. In those days the station was the original timber structure that included a passenger waiting room with fire place and a canteen. The "Overland" would at times stop at the Wolseley Station and deliver supplies from Adelaide on its way to Melbourne. I still remember the deliveries of Ice cream for the local Eudunda Farmers Co-op store packed in dry ice and wrapped in a thick canvas role.

As a child I often played around the silos and in the shunting yard. On more than one occasion whilst walking to the station to visit Dad, we lived in a railway house on the main line about half a mile or so east of the station, we would disturb a brown snake sunning itself on the rails.

In the time Dad was stationed there I remember the going from the staff & hoop system along with rows of levers to change points to a "state of the art" electronic system with knobs, switches and lit strips showing the position of trains.

In that time the station canteen was abandoned and the "Overland" no longer stopped.

Your beautifully taken photos brought many memories flooding back. The platform where once I used to play, where passengers milled and goods at times were stacked now overgrown with weeds, the original timber station a distant memory and no doubt a town now largely silent except for the whispers of ghosts long past.

John, to many, your photos are little more than railway memorabilia, for me they were a beautiful and nostalgic trip down memory lane to a time in my life some 40 years ago that I had almost forgotten about .

For this, I thank you most sincerely.

My thanks to all the people involved in tracking down this history. I have to admit that these photos brought some memories back for me, too. When I was around the same age that Mark recalls (but a few years earlier for me ), I travelled several times on the Overland between Melbourne and Adelaide. Wolseley was a dark and mysterious place - literally, for it was always night when we stopped there, and the train stopped long enough that I would invariable wake up to look out the window at men bustling around with bags and trolleys, or quiet grain silos and sidings.

I have travelled on the Mt Gambier line, as it happens - in fact during the time Mark's father was stationed there!! I had to get back to Adelaide from a caving expedition to whence we had been given a lift by car there, but this was not available on the way back. We (my future wife and I) caught the Bluebird service, and would have of course travelled through Wolseley. But at that stage of my life my camera was more excited by the scenery inside the train, not outside it!

Because Wolseley was off the main highway, when travelling by car I did not otherwise see the place in daylight - until one day I decided to detour to investigate further. I'm glad I did.

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